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The site called Qasr Shamamuk, or Qasr Shamamok, is located not far from Erbil, in the Kurdish region of Iraq. It is a large tell with a citadel and a low town. It was identified in the middle of the 19th century thanks to the discovery, by A.H. Layard, of inscriptions on baked bricks, which mention works of development in the city of Kilizu carried out by the neo-Assyrian king Sennachérib.

It was recently excavated by a team of French archaeologists who showed that the occupation probably dates back to the Chalcolithic, with important mediean-Assyrian remains (from the 14th to the 11th century BC). A foundation inscription mentions King Adad-nirari I.

In the archives of Mari, it is probable this city which is spelled "Kilizum": a tablet refers to the presence of fishermen. This is confirmed by the archaeologists, who exhumed a port there on the Great Zab.


For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

The site of Qasr Shemamok was the city of Kilizu: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Empire of Assyria, #Kingdom: Assyria

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