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The Tell Sougha is located in Lebanon, in the Bekaa Valley, near Laboué. This site has not been officially searched. However, many bronze objects are said to have been found in the cemetery adjacent to the tell.

The specialists recognized a homogeneous set of objects dating from the end of the 3rd millennium BC and the beginning of the 2nd. The tools, weapons and trimmings found were such that the occupants of the tombs were described as "bearers of torques" and seen as a contribution from outside populations.

The metal weapons found are made up of axes, spears and daggers. The ornaments are pins, bracelets and torques.

The manufacturing process is clear: the objects were molded, then finished by hammering and polishing.

Much of the weapons are similar to what was found in Byblos and Ugarit. The torques, nine in number, are found mainly in the Europa of the time (Hungary, Bohemia, Austria, Southern Germany, Switzerland, Eastern France) but also in northern Syria. It is these elements that were at the origin of the name of "bearers of torques" by Shaaeffer, excavator of Ugarit.

Theories of arrivals of foreign populations in Syria / Palestine are now abandoned. Conversely, the anteriority of the finds of the Levant and similarities with those of Byblos and Ugarit - both of which are open ports on the Mediterranean Sea - show rather human movements from the Levant to Europa from 2100 to 1800 BCE.

These movements are not surprising for researchers who have studied the texts of the Assyrian merchants of Kanes. They knew how to travel very far. And I consider, moreover, that they used maritime navigation (see here the probable route around Anatolia). Moreover, the latter, at certain moments in their lives, might have an interest in fleeing the power of Assur: especially during inheritances. Indeed, it appears, following the translation of the texts, that during these moments, the residents of the famous merchant city knew how to recover the maximum of debts of the current operations, without worrying about the reality of the Anatolian descendants (see here).

For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

Tag(s) : #Region:Levant

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