In the Iliad and the Odyssey, Homer evokes people of homonymous cities called "Orchomenus"
• those of Orkhomena of Mynias, which, with Aspledon, had come upon thirty hollow boats.
• those of Orkhomena without qualifier, which, along with many other cities of Arcadia, had come on fifty boats.
Minyas, the eponymous hero of the Minyans, is the founder of Orchomenus in Boeotia. It is a city that crossed the ages north-west of Athens. Archeology has shown its settlement since the Neolithic.
H. Schliemann, André de Ridder, Heinrich Bulle, Adolf Furtwängler and Theodore Spyropoulos are the various excavators of this site. It was the last mentioned who brought to light a Mycenaean palace.
On vases, inscriptions in linear B of the Mycenaean period were found, as well as a piece of ceramic with a drawing of a boat :