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Nineveh owes its reputation to the fact that it was the last capital of the Assyrian Empire. It was taken by the Medes and Babylonians in 612 BC

It was the English Consul Layard who found the city between 1846 and 1851. He recognized the Sennacherib Palace decorated with bas-reliefs on the site of Kuyunjik or Quyunjik, not far from Mosul in Iraq:

The site presents an uninterrupted archaeological sequence from the 6th millennium BC (Culture of Hassuna) until the 14th century AD The ancient capital was protected by massive inner ramparts pierced by twelve gates.

Further excavations took place. Thousands of cuneiform tablets were found there, especially in what has been identified as the library of King Assurbanipal. This king had gathered large quantities of ancient texts in Akkadian, but also in Sumerian. It is these texts, sometimes bilingual Sumerian / Akkadian, which served as the basis for the translation of the Sumerian.

 

Around the 18th century BC, the archives of Mari show that Nineveh existed already, but it was an ordinary city, especially mentioned as a place of passage. The spelling "Ninêt" is encountered there. It was a place of worship of Ishtar. Indeed, a temple dedicated to this goddess was found on the site of Quyunjik.

 

For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Ninive was the site of Kuyunjik or Quyunjik: 5/5

Tag(s) : #Region: Mesopotamia, #Empire of Assyria, #Kingdom:Mari, #Kingdom: Assyria

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