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Ispuini d'Urartu, who ruled towards the end of the 9th century BC, left a stela at Karagündüz, not far from Lake Van. On this stela he recounts a military campaign against Parsua and the city of Mesta in the country of the Manneans.


In addition, an inscription of Urartu in Taštepe relates the victory of King Menua over the Maneans and identifies the site as the fortress of Mesta. Tastepe is located in the Solduz valley near Naghadeh in Iran.

This may correspond to the name Mata of a 9th century BC text of Shamshi-Ramman which mentions from the country of Gizilbunda that they fought at Mata, killed 2,300 men and captured 120 horses. He then razed Sagbita, a royal town, which was located further north of the lake of Urmia according to the indications of the 8th campaign of Sargon published by Thureau-Dangin in 1912. After having destroyed by fire Sagbita and the villages around, Shamshi-Ramman returned to Assyria by Muçi, probably a bad spelling of Musri or Musasir.


Under this toponym, Mata or Mada, we must perhaps see an ancient capital of the Medes, or at least a city at the origin of their name:


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My notes of veracity :

At the beginning of the first millennium BC, the site of Tastepe was the fortress of Mesta or Mata: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Region: Persian Gulf, #Kingdom: Urartu, #Empire of Assyria, #Kingdom : Mannaeans

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