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A stela, in two fragments, inscribed with thirteen lines in Aramaic, dating from the end of the 8th century, comes from Tapeh Qalaychi near Bukan, north-west of Iran. It is the most oriental of the Aramaic inscriptions of that period.

A first fragment comes from excavations on the Tapeh Qalaychi, directed by Ismail Yaghmâ'i, in 1985. The second was recovered on the antiques market.

The town of Izirtu is read there, associated with the god Haldi. This city is mentioned in the annals of Ashurbanipal, about the 7th century before our era, as well as during the 8th campaign of Sargon II. This very detailed account, published by Thureau-Dangin in 1912, places the town of Izurtu in the country of the Manneans, in the region of Surikas, between the country of Karalla and the country of Allabria. This place is important because it allows to have a border point of the country of Karalla, which, according to my research, is confirmed to be the former country of Karana. Karalla seems to me a phonetic deformation of Karana.

Researchers see in Izirtu the capital of the country of Manneens:

 

For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

During the 1st millennium BC, the Tapeh Qalaychi was the town of Izirtu: 3/5

Karalla and Karana constitute the same country over two different millennia: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Region: Persian Gulf, #Empire of Assyria, #Kingdom: Numha, #Kingdom : Karana, #Kingdom : Mannaeans

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