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Yorgan Tepe is a tell about fifteen kilometers southwest of Kirkuk, in the present country of Iraq. In the face of the influx of clandestine tablets from this region, excavations under the direction of Edward Chiera, then Robert H. Pfeiffer and Richard Starr, carried out from 1925 to 1931, revealed that this town was inhabited from the 5th millennium to the middle of the first millennium BC. A temple and dwellings were exhumed, as well as about 6,000 cuneiform tablets, most of them dated from the middle of the 2nd millennium BC. The translation of these last ones made it possible to understand that the city was called Gasur, then Nuzi when it was populated by Hurrians at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC.

These archives show different facets of the life of the inhabitants of this city in the middle of the second millennium. They have been the subject of an abundant literature.

It so happens that a tablet of the archives of Mari, drafted by Samsi-Addu, concerns the installation of a people, called Nuzu, near Arrapha:

Sinbelili wrote me "These Nuzu where will they be installed? My lord must reflect on them? In a previous tablet I gave the following instructions: "If these Nuzû form a group ... have them transported in Ekallatum so that they may be assigned to the temple of Addu d'Arrapha."

However, many historians now consider that the Hurrians was long established to the north of Mesopotamia.


For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

From the beginning of the second millennium BC, Nuzi was the name of the site of Yorgan Tepe: 5/5

Before the beginning of the second millennium BC, Gasur was the name of the site of Yorgan Tepe: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Region: Mesopotamia, #Kingdom:Mari, #Kingdom:Mitanni, #Kingdom: Assyria

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