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The former town of Miletus corresponds to an archaeological site on the present-day commune of Balat, towards the south-west coast of Anatolia.

The first excavations were made in 1873 by the French archaeologist Olivier Rayet. They were followed, from 1899 until 1914, by the German archaeologist Theodor Wiegand, who in particular cleared the old port, showing that the city, formerly, was along the sea. The University of the Ruhr, Bochum, Germany, is now in charge of archaeological work. This is one of the most visited ancient sites.

Pausanias attributed the creation of Miletus to Greek settlers led by Neleus, one of the many sons of the King of Athens, Codros. The Ionians killed the men of Miletus and married their wives. However, artifacts of the Minoan civilization, found on the site, show that Miletus was engaged in commercial activity with Crete as early as 1900 BC. Like most sites in Anatolia, and indeed Miletus, Human settlements close to older villages, as if new peoples, over time, had chosen to settle in close proximity of indigenous populations (perhaps with the enslavement of them). But the town already existed under the Hittites, identified "Milawatta" or "Milawanda", which makes the paternity of the creation of the city quite legendary.

The Hittite texts report that Mursili II sent two generals, Gulla and Malaziti, to attack the country of Milawanda, which then belonged to the king of Ahhiyawa.





My notes of veracity :

"Milawatta" or "Milawanda" refers to the city of Miletus in the Hittites: 4/5

Tag(s) : #Region:Anatolie, #Empire of the Hittites, #Kingdom: Hahhiyawa

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