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The Tell Halaf is best known for being a neolithic reference: many objects dated from 6100 to 5400 BC have been identified, giving the name of a characteristic culture. But this ancient Syrian site, located near the Turkish border, was reoccupied during the first centuries of the last millennium BC.

It was mainly Baron Max von Hoppenheim who carried out excavations of Tell Halaf in the years 1907 to 1913. Tablets with a cuneiform writing, dated from the 9th to the 8th century BC, were exhumed there. Some texts concern a local king, called Kapara, from the country of Bit-Bahiani.

But the majority of the tablets are, on the one hand, lists of persons, and on the other hand letters from a governor of Guzana, Man-ki-Assur, who depended on the governor of Nasibina.

The annals of Ashurnasirpal II confirm the geographical position of the country of Bit-Bahiani: this Neo-Assyrian king stopped there with his troops and received a tribute on a journey between Kalhu and Carkemish.


For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Guzana, the capital of Bit-Bahiani, was the neo-Assyrian site of Tel Halaf: 4/5

Tag(s) : #Region: Mesopotamia, #Empire of Assyria

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