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The texts of the Assyrian merchants from the early second millennium, found at Kanes, showed that Zimishuna was not far from Durhumit and Tismurna. Another letter from a merchant came to Sinahuttum says he keeps his donkeys to sell its remaining wool at Tamniya, he says the town is close, before returning to Zimishuna, which latter appears, therefore, as another port on the black Sea.

Zapishuna (or Zamishuna), is the Hittite name of the city: it is mentioned with Istaruwa, Gagadduwa and Anziliya in KUB XLVIII.

The phonetic proximity between Zamishuna and Samsun is obvious.

Amisos classic is the tell "Tepe Toraman," northwest of the modern city of Samsun, because a Byzantine mosaïc was found there. This is the city founded by the Milesians during 750 BC, probably with the help of the inhabitants of Phocaea. The Greek historian Hecataeus wrote that Amisos was once called Enète.

This merger opens a possible new name for the ancient tell "Dündartepe Höyüğü" located south of Samsun. From 1940 to 1941, excavations were carried there by teachers İsmail Kılıç Kökten and Nimet Özgüç. They show an human occupation from the Chalcolithic to the middle of the Bronze Age. The archaeological layers of the time of the Assyrian merchants, as well as those of the Hittites were clearly identified. Copper and bronze have been found.

On Internet there is a Greek justification of the named of Samsun becoming from Amisos, which does not seem convincing. The name seems rather result from a development of the present city around "Dündartepe Höyüğü" rather than "Toraman Tepe". Those ancient names were transmitted by successive generations of men who inhabited the area.


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My notes of veracity :

4000 years ago, Zimishuna was the name of the present city of Samsun: 3/5

3600 years ago, Zapishuna, or Zamishuna, was the name of the present city of Samsun: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Region:Anatolie, #Empire of the Hittites

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