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The Bible mentions "Caphtor" or "Caphtor" as the country of the Philistines. In the texts of Mari, Kaptara appears "beyond the upper sea." In those of Amarna, a reference to Alasiya is admitted as Cyprus, dismisses the latter of that name.

The designation of Crete by the Egyptians of the place name of "Keftiu" comes mainly from the tomb of Rekmiré, Egypt.

The presence of a place-name "a-pa-ta-wa" in Linear B in some texts suggests that Kapata or Katapa can also be a distorted designation of the island, which also appears in this way in the texts of Ugarit. This place is present in the older Hittite texts as having a temple of the storm god and also a temple of a goddess Hepat. On a sealed tablet of Hattusa was found a legal act, probably contemporary of Hattusili Ist, mentioning a city official of Hanhana which adopted a man called Zidi and gave him in marriage his daughter Zizzatta. Their son, Pappa, had been attached to the temple of the goddess of Katapa.

During the winter season, Mursili II and Muwatalli II frequently stayed at Katapa. For this, they passed by Kasimula. In texts recounting the prayers of Hattusili and Paduhepa, CTH 383 and CTH 384, Katapa appears with Hattusa as two territorial entities subject to negotiations in the days of the independence of the kingdom of Hakpis.


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My notes of veracity :

During the Bronze Age, Crete was called Keftiu by the Egyptians: 4/5

During the Bronze Age Crete was called Kapata or Katapa by the Hittites: 2.5 / 5

Tag(s) : #Region: Europa, #Kingdom: Keftiu

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