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Excavated from 1966 until 1967 by T. Özgüç, the site of Inandik consists of two parts: a set of homes face a hill with a temple at the top. Various ceremonial objects were found there. Most notable is a vase, now in Ankara museum.

A cuneiform tablet was unearthed there during 1966. Since a seal and other documents of the Hittites have been found. The temple was destroyed by fire at the end of the Old Kingdom. K 174-66 evokes an administrator of the city of Hanhana, which adopted a man called Ziti or Zidi.

Tablets from Hattusa archives intersect with the names of people and places. CTH414 evokes the same town, Hanhana, which is the site of an important religious ceremonies. An autumn festival of Telepinus was celebrated every nine years. It lasted six days. On this occasion two neighboring cities were associated with the festivities, Kasha - probably the present town of Ilgaz, further north, at the foot of Mount of the same name that was called Kashu or Kassu during the bronze age - and Taniskuriya - probably the neighboring city Tuney not far south. The vase found in Inandik seems to illustrate the rituals described by the Hattusa tablets during celebrations of Hanhana.

Phonetically, Hanhana perhaps the origin of the name "Gangra" also called Germanicopolis early AD. This is now the present town of Çankırı not far to the north.

The city appears on the Peutinger table as Gangaris.

This area is famous for its ancient salt mines.

Probably Hanhana was spelled Hanaknak during the period of the Assyrian merchants in the early 2nd millennium BC. The city was then mostly accessible from Durhumit and Kuburnat.

In "Kültepe Tabletleri V" Klass R. Veenhof publishes the tablets of the messenger Kuliya who was responsible for collecting some taxes from the karums of Durhumit, Hattusa, Tamnia, Tuhpiya, Nenassa, Kuburnat, Hanaknak and Tismurna. Kt92 / k194 appears to be amounts of this “Saddu'utu tax”. The sums of money come from merchants of Kuburnat, Tuhpiya, Hanaknak, Durhumit, Sinahuttum, Tismurna, Hattusa, Washaniya and Baniharsum.

 

 

 

 

My notes of veracity :

2000 years ago, Gangra was the present Çankırı: 5/5

3600 years ago, Hanhana was the present Çankırı: 4/5

4000 years ago, Hanaknak was the present Çankırı: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Region:Anatolie, #Empire of the Hittites

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