Phaistos is located in southern Crete, on a hill bordering the rich Messara plain. The site has long been excavated by the Italian archaeological teams led by Federico Halbherr, Luigi Pernier and Doro Levi.
Create to the Neolithic, during the maximum of its splendor during the bronze age, the palace of Phaistos covered an area of 8400 m2. It was one of the three most important cities of the Minoans.
The excavators have identified two superimposed buildings: one from 2000 to 1650 BC, the other from 1650 to 1400 BC. The processional paths and some monumental staircases are probably traces of festive or religious celebrations. In addition, due to the presence of warehouses or stores, the palace had a food storage function and probably of marketing over long distances through the port located near Kommos.
Phaestos, writes PA-I-TO, is part of the names that are found on Linear B texts, but also in linear A when we read the signs of Linear A with their value in Linear B.
The function of the site of Agia Triada, located 3km west of Phaestos, appears more and more as a place of second residence, probably temporary, during the reconstruction of the second palace of Phaistos.