At the Gebel Barkal, near Karima in Sudan, during year 1862, a granite stele was found in the ruins of a temple. It recounts the victories of a pharaoh called Piankhy at the 8th century BC:
This translated document is important for those who are interested to the place names: Piankhy describes the different phases of his Egyptian conquests and mentions many cities.
He evokes the monuments of his capital of the country of Kush, Napata, built by Seti I and Ramses II. Historians say that Jebel Barkal was probably a place of worship since 1500 BC. From 1915 to 1920 G. Reisner has unearthed a temple of Amun of Napata dedicated by Thutmose and Amenhotep. A stele of Tuthmosis III has even been released and it mainly talks about his victories against the land of Mitanni and Naharina.
The city of Napata was this place of the Gebel Barkal : It was an autonomous city which interacted with the major contemporary cultures.