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In 1943, a cuneiform tablet in Hittite language was found at a place called "Höyük Tepe", located 1,500 meters west of the village of Masat Höyük. This indication enabled T.Özguç, at the head of a team of Turkish archaeologists, to planning systematic excavations from 1973.

At 880 meters high, a lower city and a citadel on a rock were exhumed. It appeared three levels of Hittite monuments, as well as seals and about 350 tablets in the oldest one, dated from the time of Tuthaliya III.

The above information was taken from "The beginning of the new Hittite Empire:The Hittites and their history" from Jacques FREU and Michel MAZOYER.

The translated tablets revealed two main persons : an administrator named Himuili and a troop commander called Kassu. Both were assigned to the city of Tapikka:

Also, archaeologists realized that this ancient town, located about 140 km east-northeast of the hittite capital Hattusa, was the provincial center of Tapikka.

Most of the letters were written from Hattusa at the beginning of a period of about 10 years of correspondence. Historians have concluded that it was the residence of Tuthaliya III. At the end of the period they were written from Sapinuwa due to an invasion of Gasgas.

These tablets, as well as those of Ortaköy and Kuşaklı, which are dated from the same period, show that the scribes were all from Syria / Mesopotamia, and that they practiced their work in Anatolia since many generations.


In the tablets of Kanesh, this city is spelled Tapaggas or Tapakas.





My notes of veracity :

Masat Höyük was Tapikka: 5/5

Tag(s) : #Region:Anatolie, #Empire of the Hittites, #Kingdom: Gasgas, #Kingdom: Hayasa-Azzi, #Old Assyrian Empire

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