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Edme François Jomard, member of the Napoleonic expedition to Egypt, saw an old monument at Qaw el Kebir. He read the Greek name "Ante" on a broken entry into 6 pieces. He documented his observations in "Description of the antique Tjebu". There, he reports that the Coptic name of this city was once Tkôou.

We now know that he read the name of the god "Anty" on a temple of the 3rd century AD of Ptolemy IV Philopator and Arsinoe.

It's on this same site of Kaw el Kebir that Petrie, between 1923 and 1925, fumbled a necropolis showing a human occupation from pre-dynastic period to the Greco-Roman period. There, he has mainly find tombs of the Twelfth Dynasty, the most famous ones are those of Wahka I, Ibu, Sobekhotep and Wahka II.

It is the study of the texts of these tombs which revealed that some of these nobles were mayors of « Tjebu ». And there are frequent references to a god of Seth of Tjebu.

For example the stele of Nakht below shows a direct link between "Antaeus" and "Tjebu" :

The city was the capital of the 10th Nome of Upper Egypt. It is likely that the name of Tjebu has been changed to « Tjekou » then « Tkôou » and « Qaw ».

For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Qau el Kebir was Antaeopolis during the Greco-Roman period: 4/5

Qau el Kebir was Tjebu in the hieroglyphic texts: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Empire of Egypt, #Kingdom: Upper Egypt

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