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The modern city of al-Ṭihnā Ǧabal, Tihna el-Gebel, Tihna al-Dschabal, Tihna el-Jebel, or simply Tehne, is located 12 km north of Minya, on the east bank of the Nile.

The literature on the ancient Egypt mentions that this site had the following names: Mer-Nefer, Per-Imen-mat-khent, Dehenet, Akoris. Is it possible that the same site had all these designations during dynastic Egypt?

One explanation lies in the detailed description of the ruins:

Several ancient sites exist:

  • to the southeast of Tihna el-Gebel, a first group of ruins dated from the 4th to the 5th dynasty is associated with the tombs of mayors of Mer-Nefer.

  • further north, there are vestiges of a period from the Middle Kingdom to the Greco-Roman period, with a Amun temple dated of the New Kingdom : an oil supply stele to Amun-Re temple by Osorkon III was found there. We know that the ancient Egyptians gave a name to the temple and another to the places of residence. Per-Imen-Mat-Khent, or Amun-Mui-Khanty, was to be that of the temple of Amun.

  • Dehenet is the name which is phonetically close to Tihna. It is the town with the human residences.

Acôris, or Akoris, is the Greco-Roman designation.

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My notes of veracity :

Mer-Nefer is the name of the ruins of the Old Kingdom, at the southeast of Tihna el-Gebel: 4/5

Per-Imen-Mat-Khent is the name of the ruins around the temple of Amun, at the east of Tihna el-Gebel: 4/5

Dehenet is the dynastic name of Tihna el-Gebel: 4/5

Akoris is the Greco-Roman designation of Tihna el-Gebel: 4/5

Tag(s) : #Empire of Egypt, #Kingdom: Upper Egypt

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