Eleussa or Elaiussa Sebaste was a gréco-roman port name on an island, like most ports along the coast of the Levant, near Mersin in Turkey.
The medieval Islamic literature reveals that this town called Awlas near the Lamas River was the border of the Byzantine Empire.
The city is mentioned in three tablets found in Hattusa:
- The list of warehouses of Telepinus: Ikkuwaniya (Ikonion, Konya) Hurniya (Korna to Konya) Hadawa ... Hurutta, Terumna, Ulassa, Parminiya ...
- The annals of Suppiluliuma, mentioning some operations to Pitassa, at the cities of Alassa, of Waliwanta and of Sallapa.
- KUB XL 2 I 30 certifies a city called Hulassa near Tarsa.
I am convinced that it is the city of Ullassa in the Amarna letters. EA105 is the most representative about Ullassa and Sumur. Writes of Rib-Hadda to Pharaoh : "Let the king thinks of Sumur. Sumur is like a bird in a trap. The son of Abdi-Ashirta on earth, the Arwada people on sea are against it day and night. I sent three ships to help, but the people of Arwada were there to intercept them, and they came out! Think about people of Arwada. When the archers have advanced, they had not taken possession of all that they had taken to Abdi-Ashirta, and their ships, as agreed, left Egypt. Consequently they are not afraid. Now they took Ullassa and they try to take Sumur. All that belonged to Abdi-Ashirta, they gave it to the son, as now they are powerful. They took the ships of the army with everything that was there, and I can not go to the aid of Sumur."
This city is probably the one that is called Uluzi on the statue of Idrimi of Alalakh, of the country Mukis. It evokes an expedition to the North, against the Hatti, against seven fortresses and commercial places: Passahe, Damarut-re'i, Halahhan, Zisi, I'e, Uluzi, the capital and Zaruna. Zaruna is also mentioned as a place of battle of Hattusili I.
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My notes of veracity :
The site of Elaiussa Sebaste was Ulassa, Hulassa or Alassa of the Hittites: 3/5
The site of Elaiussa Sebaste was Ullassa in the Amarna letters: 3/5
The site of Elaiussa Sebaste was Uluzi in Mukis: 3/5