During 1896, at El-Behneseh or Al-Bahnasah, Egypt, two young English archaeologists, Bernard Grenfell and Arthur Hunt, members of the Queen's College (Oxford University), discovered numerous papyri of the Greco-Roman period. They spent their lives searching and translate texts from the city of Oxyrhynchus, or Oxyrhynchus in Greek. The name means "needle-nose" in relation to a species of fish in the region. It reflects the Egyptian Per-Medjed "Medjed house" or "house of the pointy nose". Other teams resumed excavations and producing 70 volumes. The Oxyrhynchus papyri have become a classic of Egypt between the 4th and the 7th century AD.
It was a very populated city in its time, the capital of the prefecture of the 19th of Upper Egypt.
This name is found in the Stele of Nitocris under Psametik I, "Pi-Medjeh" is mentioned as a district name of the city of Putowe. The existence of this city during the Bronze Age is likely, due to the discovery of a temple of Osiris during excavations: