In his description of Egypt, Herodotus mentions an oracle, famous in his time, associated with the goddess "Leto" in the city of Buto, in the mouth of the Nile called Sebennytic, near the sea. He describes a temple in honor of Leto at Buto.
An Englishman, Sir Flinders Petrie, during 1886, has positioned the first this city in the Tell el-Farain ( "Hill of the Pharaohs"), north-northwest of the Nile Delta, south of the Lake Borollos.
The site of Tell el-Fara'in was the subject of various excavation campaigns still ongoing. A large quantity of pottery shows trade with Palestine at the beginning of the 4th millennium and an occupation during about 500 years in the pre-dynastic period.
A shrine to Wadjet has been dated to the Twelfth Dynasty. Some other relics, statues and architectural parts are dated from the New Kingdom. However, archaeologists have found significant gaps during the period from 2200 to 650 BCE.
Excavations have confirmed the identification of the city, and the equivalence between the goddesses "Leto" and "Uadjit". The temple of the latter gave his name to the hieroglyphic name of the town : "Per-Wadjet." The Greek name is recognized as a deformation of the Egyptian name : "Djebaut" then "Buto".
French researchers are involved in the work: