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Late registrations has revealed the existence of an Egyptian capital called "Djanet". This is particularly the case of the Ounamon journey that tells of contemporary events of Ramesses XI: the city is the port where Ounamon passes from a river navigation to a maritime navigation. This place appears for the first time on a temple of the reign of Ramses II in the 13th century BC.

An initial site survey was conducted during Bonaparte's expedition to Egypt by the engineer Pierre Jacotin. It were then searched in 1825 by Jean-Jacques Rifaud, who extracted two pink granite sphinx in the Louvre:

But it was the excavations of Pierre Montet on the site of 180 ha, from 1929 to 1956, which raised doubts about its identification, particularly with respect to Pi-Ramesses and Avaris. Indeed, it has been shown that many monuments were reused as materials from Pi-Ramesses, close, fallen into disuse due to the drying up of the branch of the Nile Pelusiac on which it was located.

The discovery of the graves of 21st and 22nd dynasties, especially those of Psusennes and Chéchanq pharaohs, is one of the finest Egyptian archaeological achievements, proving that this city was the capital during the Third Intermediate Period.

Tanis was called Djanet in Greek, Tso'an in Hebrew and Sanu in Assyrian. Thus, in the 7th century BC, Ashurbanipal has mentioned in a list of Egyptian kings, Petubast of Sanu.

Near the Lake Menzaleh, the site is located in the municipality of Sân el-Hagar, "Sân stones", which name comes directly from the old designation.

For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Tanis, Djanet, Sanu : various ancient names of the site of Sân el-Hagar: 5/5

Tag(s) : #Empire of Egypt, #Kingdom: Lower Egypt

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