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This is near the lake of Niya that Thutmose III would have faced a horde of 120 elephants. But the country, through its king Takuwa, is also mentioned in the tablets found in the nearby cities (Qatna and Ugarit in particular), in the archives of Hattusa and the couriers of Amarna:

  • "I ro 30-37" begins like this : I crossed the Euphrates again and subjected the land of Halab and the country of Mukis. Takuwa king of Niya came before me in the land of ... Mukis.

  • "EA59" indicates that Aziru, King of Amurru had looted Niya.

  • "RS 17.340" evokes a coalition of Mukis, Nuhasse and Niya confronting the country of Ugarit, whose king was then Niqmaddu.

Many other texts mention all together Niya, Mukis and Nuhasse. This confirms a territorial proximity of these three countries.

Many researchers see this city-state in southern Mukis, west of Nuhasse on the Syrian town of Qalat el-Moudik, which would also be the Roman Apamea. Archaeological excavations have shown that the city was occupied from ancient times:

But no text confirms this hypothesis.

It is possible, too, that Niya was at the southeast of Nuhasse. The Mari archives evoke a city name of Ni'âtum or of Ni'âtum-the-Pit, which corresponds phonetically and could be close to the city of Arahati (see my proposal for Arahati by clicking on the associated link on the name of the city). The country of Niya would then be a group of cities on the fringes of the desert, which were successful in the second half of the 3rd millennium, due to a more favorable local climate than today.


For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Niya was the Roman Apamea, in the town of Qalaat al-Moudik: 2.5 / 5

Niya was the city of Ni'âtum evoked by the archives of Mari: 3/5

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