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On the stele of Sargon II discovery on the Tell Asharneh, the city of Hamath is mentioned twice. Its importance is confirmed by its designation as a "country."

In the center of the modern city of Hama, Syria, on the hill that borders the Orontes, lies the ancient city. It was occupied from the Neolithic to the present. The first excavations were conducted by a Danish team, under the direction of Harald Ingholt, from 1931 to 1938. But before, in the early 19th century, had been found some Hittite lions and blocks covered of Luwian hieroglyphics. These objects are traces of a Neo-Hittite province during the early first millennium BC:

The texts written on the blocks evoke Urhilina king of Hamath. His Assyrian name, Irhuleni, was found at Nimrud. This king was contemporary of Shalmanasar III, against whom he led a coalition that was defeated at the Battle of Qarqar, around 850 BCE.

On a stele discovered in 1903 at Tell Afis, an archaeological site 45 km southeast of Aleppo,Zakir is a king of Hamath and Luash.

These steles and other where Hamath is mentioned, show the importance that this city took during the beginning of the 1st millennium BC.

During the 2nd millennium BC, it is possible that the city was called Ammia or Ammiya. This name is write on the statue of Idrimi found at Alalakh and in the Amarna letters.

For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Hamath was the present city of Hama in the 1st millennium BC: 4/5

Ammiya was the present city of Hama in the 2nd millennium BC: 2.5 / 5

Tag(s) : #Empire of Egypt, #Empire of the Hittites, #Region:Levant, #Kingdom: Hamath

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