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The modern city of Naga al-Gharirah near Naga al-Jabal, is an archaeological site called Gebelein, Jebelein or Jabelen in the literature in the last few years. The Arabic name means "two mountains", because the ancient remains are two small hills:

  • Intyshuy, a Crocodilopolis (or Krokodilopolis) for the Greeks ;

  • Pi-Hathor or Per-Hathor, became "Pathyris" then "Aphroditespolis" or "Aphroditopolis" due to the assimilation of Hathor with Aphrodite by the Greeks. In Roman times, a few cities of the same name are identified in Egypt.

The Greek names are certified by the discovery, during the 19th and 20th centuries, of hundreds of Papyrus, or wooden tablets, written in Egyptian or / and Greek. These documents were found in a mercenary camp created by Ptolemy in Pathyris, which existed until the year 186 BC.

Here's an example:

The Pathyris name has his origine of the Egyptian one of "Pr-hwt-hs", ie "House of Hathor." Because there was a temple of Hathor. Hathor is often called the "Lady of Inerty" meaning "Lady of the two hills" in hieroglyphics, which was translated by the "lady of Gebelein".

An ancient temple of Hatshepsut has was unearthed :

For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Pathyris and Aphroditopolis are former Greek names of the site of Naga al-Gharirah: 5/5

Inerty and Per-Hathor are former hieroglyphic names of the site of Naga al-Gharirah: 5/5

Tag(s) : #Empire of Egypt, #Kingdom: Upper Egypt

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