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In Egypt, in the Fayoum, at about 90 km of the south of Cairo, and less than a kilometer south of the pyramid of Sesostris II, are located on the village of El-Lahun, some ruins excavated in the late 19th century by Petrie. He found a rectangular enclosure protecting houses planned for the workers and staff of the pyramid complex of Senusret II. The streets were straight and narrow, with houses either side. This was indeed a city with several thousand inhabitants.

Flinders Petrie called that place Kahun, from what the inhabitants of the region have said to him. He found some papyri showing the Egyptian knowledge in Mathematics. This denomination, Kahun, is now recognized unfounded. But yet it is still used to designate the papyrus and the antique setting.

The excavations houses helped distinguish various worker know-how (carpenter, plasterer, bricklayer, etc ..) and a great variety of pottery shards that we not find on other sites of Egypt.

The discoverer says that the potteries were those of foreigners or Aegean people, they were mixed with Egyptian waste datable of the 12th Dynasty.

There, he observed alphabetic characters similar to what was found on the older Mycenaean sites.

From the topography of the place and its location in Fayoum, some researchers saw this as the labyrinth,

Some seals were exhumed with the name of "Ha-Senousretet" or "Hat-Hetep-Senousret", which means "Bureau of Sesostris."

For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

The former name of the ruins of El-Lahun was Hat-Hetep-Senousret: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Empire of Egypt, #Kingdom: Upper Egypt

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