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Abu Shahrain is located in southern Iraq, 200 kilometers northwest of Basra. The site is in the form of seven tells, which are remains of buildings of brick in mud. In 1946, an Iraqi archaeological team has done excavations. In one of the highest tells, after clearing the sand, a simple structure 3m sides has been dated around 4800 BC. The presence of a platform and a niche where a statue was exposed, gives the probable function of the building: it was a temple. Comparisons with other sites have shown that the monument was one of the first buildings of the Sumerians, during the Ubaid civilization.

In fact, Abu Shahrain was studied and excavated the first time by John George Taylor during 1854 and then during 1918 by Reginald Campbell Thompson, finally during 1919 by Harry Reginald Hall for the British Museum.

A lion statue guards the entrance of the temple of Abu tell Shahrain:

Some tablets, odd shapes, with the mention of the city of Eridu, have been discovered around the site. I have not found trace of these texts. However, the site of Tello provided many writings about Enki, or Ea, who was a god of Eridu. His temple was called E-abzu, which means "house of the deep water." Which may correspond to the situation of Abu Shahrain, at the bordering of swamps.

In fact the place name would come from "irîtu" meaning in Akkadian "House built far." Some historians claim that Éridou was the site of the Tower of Babel, instead of Babylon, because the ruins of Eridu are far larger and older than the others.

A cuneiform logogram was interpreted as an alternative of name of the place: "Nun.Ki" which means "The Powerful Place".

The matching of the site of Abu Shahrain with the city of Eridu has serious uncertainties.

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My notes of veracity :

Abu Shahrain was the city of Eridu: 2.5 / 5

Tag(s) : #Region: Mesopotamia

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