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Kamid el Loz, Kamid al Lawz or Kamel el-Laouz is an archaeological site in the western Bekaa, in the current country of Lebanon. It was excavated between 1963 and 1981 by archaeologists from the University of Saarbrücken. Their conclusion is that the site has been occupied since the fourth millennium BC, but especially between 1600 and 300 BCE. Syllabic cuneiform tablets were found there. They mentioned the city of Kumidi and a man called Biryawaza.

The phonetic proximty of the current name with that of 3,500 years ago is probably a reflection of continued occupation of the place.

Kumidi is mentioned in the letters EA129, EA197 and EA198 found at Amarna in Egypt. In these letters Arassa appears to be the mayor. The name of Biryawaza appears too, but with a title of king of Damascus, the capital of the country of Upi, which Kumidi depended.

In this area, in 1350 BC, history and geography are in complete agreement.

Reading those tablets helps to understand how was articulated governance, probably from the time of Thutmose III, who knew this city, because it was found in a list of war records. Pharaoh had its representative in Kumidi, called Puhuru. Kumidi was a city of Egyptian garrison. A mayor, a king and a rasibu were jointly involved in managing the city and the surrounding area.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Kumidi was, in Akkadian, the present town of Kamid al Lawz: 5/5

Tag(s) : #Region:Levant, #Kingdom : Upi, #Kingdom : Amqu

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