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Assurbanipal, during the 7th century BC, has mentioned in a list of Egyptian kings, Nakhki king of "Khininshi". This name is close to those of "Hnes" in Hebrew and "Ahnas" or "Ehnassiya" in Arabic. These are the current Ihnasiya: Ehnasya Umm al-Kimam and Ehnasya el-Medina, near the entrance of the Fayum, near the Bahr Youssef, parallel to the Nile river from Assiut.

All these names come from a deformation of the hieroglyphic Egyptian name of "Hut-nen-Nesu" or "Henensu" or "Ninsu", capital of the 20th nome of Upper Egypt.

After early excavations by Petrie and Naville there, more than a century, archaeological researches are conducted by Spanish teams since 1960, under the direction of Maria del Carmen Perez Die since 1984.

The ruins of the ancient city cover 67 hectares and incorporate numerous cemeteries and temples dating from the Middle Kingdom until the Roman period.


The hieroglyphs mention Henensu as a place of worship of "Hérichef" or "Arsaphès", a ram-headed god. The Greeks identified him at Heracles. Also they called it " Heracleopolis Magna", ie "City of Heracles."

A temple of Hérichef, built in the Middle Kingdom, has actually been unearthed to the southwest of the town.

Hensu, mentioned in the books of dead, is probably another place. Which created a doubt about the capital of the pharaohs of the ninth and tenth dynasties of the first interim period.
Recently, other structures of that era were exhumed there:

For an explanation on the colors of text, click here.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Hout-nen-nesu or Henensu, is the name of hieroglyphic Ehnasya ruins of Umm al-Kimam and Ehnasya el-Medina: 4/5

Heracleopolis Magna is the Greek name of the ruins of Umm al-Ehnasya Kimam and Ehnasya el-Medina: 4/5

Tag(s) : #Empire of Egypt, #Kingdom: Upper Egypt

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