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Herodotus mentions that at Bubastis, during his time, took place the most popular festival of Egypt, in honor of the goddess Artemis. In a section devoted to sacred animals, he said that the Egyptians carried away their dead cats in temples dedicated to Bubastis, where they there were embalmed before burial.

Naville has done the first excavation of Tell Basta, near Zagazig, at the end of the 19th century. He easily identified the city by the many mummies of cats and statuettes of the goddess Bastet. A building dedicated to this deity were found to comply with the detailed description of the first historian of history.

Archaeological excavations have unearthed ruins that have passed through the three Empires of Egypt, some dating back the pre-dynastic times.

The translation of hieroglyphs shows that Per-Bast was the Egyptian name of this city.

The Greek name, "Bubastis," is very close to the current designation, "Basta" and that of Hieroglyphics "Per-Bast" or "Bast". This is an example of a city name which was independent of the languages during the ancient times. That don't appears to be the general rule in all geographical designations of ancient Egypt.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Bubastis, Per-Bast, was located to tell Basta near Zagazig: 5/5

Tag(s) : #Empire of Egypt, #Kingdom: Lower Egypt

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