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Asyut, or Assiut, is an Egypt city of over 400,000 inhabitants located halfway between Cairo and Luxor. The ruins of the ancient city haven't been found but seem to be buried beneath the modern city.

The antiquity of the place is evidenced by the notable graves located on the western hills, near the modern town. The best known are those of the 9th, 10th and 12th dynasties. For example, Hâpydjéfaï was at the head of the nome Saouty under Sesostris 1st. It was a monarch, with, among others, the titles of director of the Wepwawet priests, director of the priests of Anubis.

The hieroglyphic texts showed that Wepwawet and Anubis were the gods honored in this city. An "Wepwawet exit" is mentioned in the first month of the season Akhet. It was a procession to the necropolis of Assiut. These gods, represented in the form of wild dogs, are probably at the origin of the Greek name of the city: "Lycopolis". And during the Greco-Roman period, a dialect spoken by the Copts of Assiut is known as "Lycopolitain dialect".

The hieroglyphic names of the city are Saouty, Zawty, Siâout or Sawet.

Researchers believe that it was a garrison town, especially because of the banner of Wepwawet is on some warlike representations.

Finally, we must emphasize the discoveries in these places, in the late 19th century, unfortunately poorly documented and now almost forgotten, of more than 350 coffins, some decorated with beautiful stellar clocks, such as the Mesehti one :

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Assiut was designated Saouty, Zawty, Siâout pr Sawet in ancient Egyptian : 5/5

Tag(s) : #Empire of Egypt, #Kingdom: Upper Egypt

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