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A few kilometers from the modern city of Malatya, not far from the Euphrates, lies the ancient site of Aslantepe. It was located on a node of ancient roads through the mountain.

French excavations were first conducted by Delaporte, from 1932 to1938, pursued by Schaeffer from 1947 to 1951. From these early excavations, the layers traces the creation of the first city around the 4th millennium BC. The most spectacular discovery is that of a monumental door flanked by four lion statues.

From 1961, the Italians Puglisi, Pecorella and Palmieri continued to work. Le the site is still under excavation, led by Marcella Frangipane, because the old layers show a lot of potential.

From the civilization of Uruk - 3900 to 3500 BC - a large building is interpreted as being a temple. Older models of swords and seals are dated between 3500 and 3000 BC. From 3000, after a fire, the objects found are those of the culture called Kuro-Araks. At the beginning of the second millennium, the site has characteristics in common with those of Kanes. The cited is then incorporated into the Hittite Empire.

The name of the city remained almost unchanged over time because the place name "Maldiya" was found on Hittite tablets. For example in "Kbo XXII 164" there is talk of a joint inspection of the city by King Tuthaliya IV in one hand and the son of Assur Adadnirari in an other hand, showing that it was 'a border.

The monumental gate, and most other items found are of the ninth century BC. A Neo-Hittite country is maintained until 712, when it is incorporated into the Assyrian Empire. The name of the city was "Milid" or "Milidia" before becoming Melitene and returning to "Malatya".

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Aslantepe / Malatya is the ancient city of Maldya, Milid or Milidia : 5/5

Tag(s) : #Region:Anatolie, #Empire of the Hittites, #Empire of Assyria

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