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The city of Terqa, or Tirqa, is best known by the many tablets of Mari. It was an important center, located along the Euphrates, which controlled the Habur Valley. The two most famous persons, probably born from the town of Tirqa, are governors, or viziers, Sammêtar and Kibrî-Dagan.

The importance of the tell Ashara was known as early as 1923, from an initial survey done by a team of French archaeologists led by E. Dhorme and F. Thureau Dangin. It was only in 1975 that has started a real excavation program under the direction of G. and M. Buccellati professors from the University of California. Since 1987 a French team led by Professor O. Rouault continuing this work.

The site, now occupied by a village, is difficult to excave. Nevertheless, its walls, a temple, administrative buildings and residential areas were identified. Some 550 cuneiform tablets were found there.

Tell Ashara, and Tell Taban, gives a glimpse of the history of the region after the fall of Mari : Terqa became a central political and economic center, the capital of the kingdom of Hana.

The cuneiform tablets found are mostly acts of purchases of land and houses. By cross-checking with the texts of the tell Taban, they nevertheless helped to consolidate the dynasty of kings of Hana, including the name of sovereigns Ahuni, Hammurapi, Qis-Addu, Isar-Lim, Iggid-Lim, Isih-Dagan and confirm that the tell Ashara was the former Terqa.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

In Akkadian language, the tell Ashara was the city of Terqa or Tirqa: 4/5

Tag(s) : #Region: Mesopotamia, #Kingdom:Mari

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