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The Tepe Hasanlu is located in the northwest of Iran, in the province of Azerbaijan, south of Lake Urmia, an important junction east-west and north-south. The appearance of the site is impressive: it is a double tell. A top, about 25 meters high and a 3 hectare area is placed on a platform of 8 meters high and 33 hectares.

Before the first official archaeological research of the Iranian Antiquities Service, between 1947 and 1949, clandestine excavations have extracted objects dated between 2200 and 800 BC. In 1956-1977, under the direction of Robert H. Dyson, the archaeological works were carried out by the University of Pennsylvania, the Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, and the Archaeological Service of Iran.

The upper part of the tell was occupied from the Neolithic period (about 6000 BC) to the Iron Age. The lower part is from 3000 to 1600 BCE. As in many other tells of the region, the first half of the second millennium is characterized by the presence of ceramics known as « Habur ware », similar to those of Upper Mesopotamia.

In the archives of Mari, I think it is the city spelled Hissalum, Hissalim, Izallu or Huslâ. In tablet A.3206 this city is mentioned with that of Admatum and Elam. The tablet X-73 tells how Ibal-Addu, king of Aslakka, has grabbed the king of Izallu, Yaphur-Lim. The city was then incorporated into Idamaras. Zimri-Lim, in the same year, the year 7 of his reign, offered help to the sovereign of Elam and undertook a trip to Husla starting from Sura-Ilan, through Tadum and Razama. During his trip he contacted Haya-Sumu King of Ilan-Sura, Kabiya the king of Kahat, Sarraya the king of Razama, Sadun-Sarri the king of Azuhinum, Qarni-Lim king of Andarig, king Hammurabi of Kurda, and the city of Karana.


In the tablets of Tell Rimah, its name is "Asala" its leader is called Azzu-ena.


Some 300 years ago, I think that city was called "Kazallu", it was the capital of Mutiabal, named in memory of a former local king. The town is mentioned in Ur III tablets at the end of the 21st century BCE. A man of Ibbi-sin organized a delivery of grain from Kazallu and Isin to remedy a break of the stocks of the city of Ur. A king of Kazallu and Marad, Sumu-Ditana, was also king of Kish. The Elamite leader of Larsa, Kutur-maduk, sheikh of Yamutbal has defeated Kazallu, destroyed his defensive wall and integrated Mutiabal to Yamutbal.

And here's an excerpt from Sumerian mythology that makes me proposed a localization, from the 3rd millennium BC, of Kazallu and Marad near Nineveh: there was a fest at Ninab (I think it is Nineveh) where came Numushda, the god of Kazallu, accompanied by his wife and daughter. Martu (the god of Marad) should perform feats to make merry Numushda of Kazallu.

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My notes of veracity :

In the 2nd millennium BC, the “Tepe Hasanlu” was spell Asala, Izallu, Hissalum or Huslâ: 3/5

In the 3rd millennium BC, the “Tepe Hasanlu” was spell Kazallu: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Region: Persian Gulf, #Kingdom:Mari, #Kingdom: Yamutbal, #Kingdom:Idamaras, #Kingdom: Akkad, #Kingdom : Mannaeans

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