Year 1834, Ch. Texier had revealed the existence of an ancient citadel and his powerful walls, on a very steep hill, near the village of Bogazkoy, northeast of Ankara in Turkey.
From 1907, the site was excavated by German archaeologists. In the first year H. Winkler and Deutsche Orient-Gesellscheft have announced the discovery of numerous tablets written in Akkadian and Hittite / Nesite. It was during year 1917 that a Czech scholar Bedrich Hrozny, decrypts the Nesite by showing its proximity to Indo-European languages. This important discovery created a stir among intellectuals.
The excavations have continued to the present day, revealing more than 30,000 tablets and fragments of tablets, using seven different languages: Nesite therefore, Luwian, Palaic, Hatti, Sumerian, Akkadian and Hurrian.
Here at least three texts that confirm the old name of the place and its status as capital of the Hatti:
1. The edict of Telepinu, which is one of the most important texts, one tablet was found in Akkadian language, and several others are Nesites versions of the same text. It has allowed us to know the first kings of Hattusa: Hattusili, Mursili, Hantili ... and confirmed that the site of Bogazköy / Bogazkale was the city called, Hattusa, Hattush or Hattusha.
2. CTH 49, which is an agreement, sealed by Suppiluliuma with Aziru of Amurru. Those persons are well known on the letters of Amarna, Egypt, and by a peace treaty found at Ugarit. These three sets of texts give a coherent overview of the history of Anatolia, Syria, Palestine and Egypt during the second part of the 14th century BC.
3. A Akkadian version of a treaty of peace and alliance between Ramses II and Hattusili III : the Egyptian version of the same treaty is engraved in hieroglyphics on the walls of the Temple of Amun at Karnak. The place of the find confirms the status of this city as been the former capital of the Hittites.
The Bogazköy texts give a multitude of names of people and places. They were supplemented by tablets found on other Anatolian sites.
Only a few regions and cities, especially those of Syria-Palestine known by other archives have been positioned with certainty. This blog offers and propose locations of some, with a measuring the degree of veracity.
For French language, click here.
My notes of veracity :
Bogazköy is the site of the former city of Hattusa, Hattush or Hattush, the capital of the Hittites: 5/5