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Zincirli is located in Turkey near the Syrian border and a mountain once called Amanus. It was excavated in the years 1888 to 1902 by a German team led by Felix von Luschan and Robert Koldewey. There was found a double walled city and giant statues of lions guardian of the gates of the town. Texts in Akkadian, Phoenician, Aramaic and Luwian allowed to know a few generations of kings of Yadiya country. An inscription of Tiglath-Pileser III, of the 8th century BC, mentions one of them, Panamu king of Samal, who became one of his subjects.

According to the excavations, which were done again between 2006 and 2009 by the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago under the direction of David Schloen, the city has been inhabited since the beginning of the Bronze Age. The town was part of Yamhad before being integrated into the land of the Hittites, and becoming an autonomous "Neo-Hittite" country.

We know the name of the country, which was called by its inhabitants Yadiya or Ya'diya and Samal by the Assyrians. It extended north of the site of Zincirli. One of the statues of King of Samal was found at Gerdjin.

According to the discoverers, Zincirli was the capital of Samal but it exists some doubt on the name of the city. Shalmaneser III mentions a main fortress of Samal called Lutibu.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Zincirli was the capital of Samal or Yadiya: 5/5

Tag(s) : #Region:Anatolie, #Empire of the Hittites, #Empire of Assyria

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