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To the south-east of Antakya, 800 meters from Tell Atchana, known as the ancient city of Alalakh or Alalah, the archaeological site of Tell Ta'yinat was excavated by the University of Chicago in the 1930s. Writings have been found in Akkadian, Aramaic and Louvite.

The stelae, along with those of Arsuz and Hama, show the permanence of a neo-Hittite country at Kunulua after the invasions of the peoples of the sea.


The most noteworthy document is the "adé" of Asarhaddon, dated 672 BCE, confirming that this town was named Kinalua, and that it was the provincial residence of an Assyrian governor.


The city was the capital of a kingdom called "Patina" or "Unqi". There, some magnificent sculptures were found:

The layers of the beginning of the Bronze Age are being excavated. The site could be Alalahu of texts of Ebla. The final syllable "hu" would be the only difference compared to that in "Akh", showing Akkadians occupants of the neighboring tell.

Researchers observe abandonment from 2000 to 1200 BC. This hiatus corresponds to the maximum occupancy period of the nearby site of Tell Atchana. For this reason, the continuity of the city of Alalah between these two sites is more than plausible: Kinalua can be interpreted as a shortcut of "Kin-Alaluha". However, it is likely that the reoccupation of the site, and the abandonment of the tell Atchana either due to the "people of the sea". A parallel can be made with Gözlü Kule, the ancient city of Tarsus, which saw a Syrian cultural predominance from 2100 to 1200 BC, whereas before and after, found objects are similar to those of the western Anatolia.

For the Tell Atchana, see the information here.




My notes of veracity :

The Tell Ta'yinat was the town of Kinalua at the end of the Bronze Age: 5/5

The Tell Ta'yinat was the town of Alalahu in the early Bronze Age: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Region:Levant, #Empire of the Hittites, #Kingdom: Mukis, #Kingdom: Yamkhad, #Neo Assyrian Empire

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