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The Tell Tayinat is an archaeological site southeast of Antakya, 800 m of Tell Atchana, known as the ancient city of Alalakh or Alalah. This tell would be the Kinalua town of Late Bronze age, over which reigned a Hittite dynasty until the eighth century BCE. The city was the capital of a kingdom called "Patina" or "Unqi". There, some magnificent sculptures were found:

The layers of the beginning of the Bronze Age are being excavated. The site could be Alalahu of texts of Ebla. The final syllable "hu" would be the only difference compared to that in "Akh", showing Akkadians occupants of the neighboring tell.

Researchers observe abandonment between 2000 and 1200 BC. This hiatus corresponds to the maximum occupancy period of the nearby site of Tell Atchana. For this reason, the continuity of the city of Alalah between these two sites is more than plausible: Kinalua can be interpreted as a shortcut of "Kin-Alaluha". However, it is likely that the reoccupation of the site, and the abandonment of the tell Atchana either due to the "people of the sea". A parallel can be made with Gözlü Kule, the ancient city of Tarsus, who saw a Syrian cultural predominance between 2100 and 1200 BC, whereas before and after, found objects are similar to those of the western Anatolia.

On the Tell Ta'yinat, tablets were found written in Akkadian, Aramaic and Luwian.


For the Tell Atchana, see the information here.


For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

Tell Atchana and tell Ta'yinat are the city of Alalakh, Alalah or Kinalua: 5/5

Tell Atchana is called Alahtum in the archives of Mari: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Region:Levant, #Empire of the Hittites, #Kingdom: Mukis, #Kingdom: Yamkhad

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