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Arslan Tash / Sheran is located north of Syria, east of the Euphrates, near the Turkish border. It was excavated by François Thureau-Dangin, during year 1928.

The name "Arslan Tash" means in Turkish "stone lion" because it existed in this place two statues of Assyrian lions in basalt. De ce site proviennent plus de cent plaques en ivoire :

A palace of the reign of Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria and a temple have been identified there. Two winged bulls guarded the entrance of this last building. They each weighed six tonnes. They are stored at the Louvre. The inscriptions on the bulls mention their membership of the Ishtar temple built by Tiglath Pileser III in the city of Khadatti.

The inscription may referre to the city of the god Adad.

A place name, "Hadata", is found in some Neo-Assyrian texts, but rather as part of expeditions to Arabia. However, the city of Khadati or Hadatu is mentioned in texts from Nineveh and Dur-Sarrukin. They were published before the discoveries of François Thureau-Dangin by CHW Johns in the "Census of Harran." It was a new town created by the Assyrians. This is confirmed by a team of archaeologists from the University of Bologna and Museums of Syria who took over the excavations since 2006. The team noted that a neighboring village has existed before the construction.

Also, there is a doubt about the history of the city. In the archives of Mari this could be Kabitta. The text II 35 positions this town in the country of Zalmaqum.





My notes of veracity :

Arslan Tash was the Neo-Assyrian Khadatu or Hadatu: 3/5

During the 2nd millennium BC, Arslan Tash was Kabitta: 2,5/5

Tag(s) : #Region: Mesopotamia, #Neo Assyrian Empire

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