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Located on the edge of the plain of Akkar, the tell'Arqa is a high Mount of 250x100 m, dominating the surrounding plain from a forty meter, 12 km northeast of Tripoli. In the south, it is bordered by the narrow valley of Nahr 'Arqa. The Lebanese authorities agreed to Beirut French archeology institute the right to search. A first archaeological excavation took place in 1972 under the direction of Ernest Will. JP Thalmann has reported that after three campaigns, 12 archaeological levels have been excavated, corresponding to layers of the age of Byzance, of Greece until the bronze age. A resumption in 1992 has shown that the site was occupied before the Bronze Age, during the Neolithic. Two violent destructions by fire are dated of 2200 and 2000 BC.The destroyed erections, probably built two centuries before, have been precisely studied by the team of archaeologists.

In addition, the site has delivered large locally produced blades:

The city is mentioned in the campaign of the year 42 of Thutmose III as the place name "arqt".

Irqata appears in nine Amarna letters : her king Aduna was killed by the agitator of Amurru, Aziru. Then Aziru has made Irqata his capital. EA100 is a message of the olders of the town who argue that the city remained faithful to Pharaoh.

A few decades later, the city appears in the archives of the king of Assyria Shalmaneser I.

Pliny the Elder mentions Arca with the cities of the Decapolis, without making Arca one of them. In 208, this place saw the birth of the Roman Emperor Alexander Severus. Finally, the city is referred as Arqa during the Crusades.

 

French   Legend

My notes of veracity :

Tell'Arqa was called Arca or Arqa by the Greeks and Romans: 5/5

Tell'Arqa was Irqata in Akkadian: 5/5

Tell'Arqa is "arqt" in Egyptian hieroglyphs: 5/5

Tag(s) : #Region:Levant, #Kingdom : Amqu

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