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The Tell Mishrife is located in Syria, 200 km north of Damascus. Covering an area of about 1 km2, it dominates the fertile plain of Homs.

The first excavation campaign led by Robert du Mesnil du Buisson between 1924 and 1929 gave little things. In 2000, archaeologists have resumed work in three shifts: Syrian, Italian and German.

Cuneiform tablets in Akkadian and Hurrian were found by the German team, as well as amber from the North Sea, a royal tomb containing multiple objects and the remains of three different skeletons.

The site has been recognized as the ancient Qatna after the translation of the tablets in Akkadian cuneiform, still ongoing.

The skeletal remains found show the presence of elephants at that time in the Levant. A stone sphinx on behalf of Weret-Ita, daughter of Amenemhat II, shows that the city developed from the Amorite period, from 2000 BC.

Mari archives evoke Qatna as a kingdom.

Qatna is not mentioned as an objective in the campaign of Thutmose III. It is in those of Amenhotep II, the city is writed "Kdn". The Pharaoh would have fought and killed himself a rebel.

A tablet contains a warning of the King of Qatna, Idenda, against an unknown enemy. Another, the Hittite Hanouti, announces that he will attack the city if the king does not submit.

Five letters found at Amarna, under Akhenaten, around 1350 BC, were written by a man named Akizzi, Mayor Qatna. There is a report on relations of the neighboring towns with the king of the Hittites, Suppiluliuma. This latter is probably responsible of the destruction of the city: the palace and a room with a well were found destroyed by flames.

For French language, click here.

My notes of veracity :

The Tell Mishrife was the city designated "Qatna" in Akkadian: 5/5

The city of Qatna was written "Kdn" in Egyptian hieroglyphs: 3/5

Tag(s) : #Region:Levant, #Empire of Egypt, #Empire of the Hittites

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